Freemasonry or Freemasonry is one of the oldest initiatory fraternities which has as its foundation the belief in a Supreme Being, expressed under the name of Great Architect of the Universe. As a traditional initiatory order seeking the improvement of the human being, is the transmission and teaching method, ritual and symbolic, for whose knowledge and assimilation Mason is able to apply it to himself and his social environment.
Freemasonry counts among her only free men, elderly, respectable and independent, only dependent on their conscience and dedicated to implement the ideal of peace, love and brotherhood, concerned about his moral improvement and the Site whole. Not a religion, a philosophical school, a club, an NGO, a meta-organization, a secret society, nor a society with secrets. We can recognize some features and applications of these aspects in our Fraternity, but none of them is definitive in its entirety of what Freemasonry. In any case articulated radially around the core of the Order: its substance, hermeneutics their transmission and initiatory purpose.
Freemasonry becomes a universal initiatory Institution, ethical, philosophical and, chasing a dream realizable based on reason, education, and the constant and patient work.
Masonry requires all its members to respect the opinions and beliefs of others and avoid any political or religious discussion to establish a permanent center of fraternal union, where reigns a tolerant understanding and fruitful harmony between men. Masons we recognize each other as brothers and we believe our association, freely accepted individually, as an alliance of free men who want to grow and develop internally based on universal principles.
Questions and answers
.- What is Freemasonry?
Freemasonry is a philosophical, philanthropic and progressive institution internationally with almost 300 years old whose ultimate goal is to stimulate the moral and intellectual improvement of people and nations seeking to obtain universal brotherhood; or more succinctly, it is a training school for men. It is a fraternity that binds its members with a bond of harmony, truth and brotherly love working indefinitely towards the conquest of progress and freedom, which are devoted to the study of the laws of nature in order to be useful to peers and cooperating to the improvement of humanity.
Could be described as organic institution of absolute morality, understood as one of the elements of the ideal of men. Its purpose is to combat ignorance, vice and inspire love for humanity. Its principles are universal moral and natural law dictated by reason and science defined.
It proclaims as a fundamental principle the belief in the existence of the Grand Architect of the Universe, the origin of all things, and in the immortality of the soul, but does not support more difference between men merit and demerit and not reject anyone for their beliefs or opinions.
It aims to teach its members the values of honesty, personal responsibility, moral improvement of the individual and, through it, the betterment of mankind. This task is carried out through the rituals of each grade.
constantly struggle for truth-seeking, development of science, the conquest of Liberty from a peaceful and legal position, but standing firm against political despotism and religious fanaticism.
Keep in mind that Freemasonry is not a club, nor is it a charity (though does charity) and being a diverse ideologically Association, does not propose a specific action on society, but proposes some values whose presence in the company intends to be valedora and witness, without any exclusivism: values of tolerance, freedom, peace, philanthropy, defense of human rights require enough of its members without compensation.
.-How Freemasonry he founded? What is known about the antiquity of Freemasonry? Where are you from? When, how and where it is formed?
Unless we are wrong, to any of these questions it has been found so far satisfactory response.
Some scholars of the Order conferred Egyptian origin, dating back to the first Pharaonic empire, some think finding the origin between the Knights Templar or even trace it to the builders of Solomon’s temple, the Essenes or other Jewish sects, but these are just questionable assumptions or guesswork because they lack historical foundation. Most writers link the birth of Freemasonry to medieval guilds of masons, the first of which were organized in Lombardy towards the X century and came to have great height in the thirteenth century.
Moreover, the same authors acknowledge that these assumptions were unable to penetrate the secret of Masonry for lack of documents in the archives.
Ξ How can, then separate what is older than it is or may be modern?
The truth is no one for sure, can in many years, unless a miracle operates and the emergence of a new light; answer these questions and satisfy a yearning sense of all Masons of the world.
The theory enjoys a broader consensus among historians of Freemasonry derives directly speculative Freemasonry Freemasonry operational. That is, the ancient brotherhoods or guilds of stonemasons craft (which is what “Mason”) that would gradually incorporating, for reasons that have yet to be clear to people who did not practice or worked the craft of stonemasonry. These would be the first speculative Freemasons. With the passage of time,
Therefore, we can say that Freemasonry was born of the crisis suffered by the builders of the Middle Ages to the succession of architectural styles. At that time the masons who were grouped into fairly compact fraternities and the lack of income and contracts began to admit to influential people in exchange for money, received a fraternal benefit society in those years provided (protection, freedom of expression and, above all, knowledge).
When these unions began to evolve, to build big buildings and cathedrals were becoming aware of the power that means knowledge and thus arises for transformation, the concept of freedom, because they succeeded, although at that time the voice of the feudal lord or prince was the law had to be obeyed blindly, to discuss terms with these standards by the birth of the concept of freedom, while others were vassals absolutes of these earthly powers.
Lodges were possessing own secret exclusive techniques, they communicated only to members or supporters after a long and severe learning traditions.
This guild of masons, was divided, for their knowledge, in three grades that still retain: Interns, peers and teachers and take from the time of the builders, tools masonry as emblems of the Masonic work to which workers then they perfected their knowledge.
These Lodges, as we have said before, with the passage of time would have admitted to characters outside the building, they once missing professional associations have taken the old structure to form the new Masonry with members belonging to the upper classes and educated , giving birth to speculative Freemasonry.
It happened in 1717 in England, that speculative Freemasonry was established as a liberal, philosophical and altruistic brotherhood. Led by the hand of a group of Freemasons, Freemasonry detached from its origins as a brotherhood of craftsmen stonemasons (operational Freemasonry). four lodges federate and create the Grand Lodge of London and Westminster, London lodges begin to be largely made up by speculative Freemasons. It would be at that stage when the leap Freemasonry we know today would.
Once established in England the Grand Lodge installed lodges and workshops across Europe, in France its first workshop entitled “Friendship and Fraternity” in 1721, the “Matritense” in Spain in 1728. Also of English origin the earlier German Masonic associations 1738 gathered at the Grand Lodge of the Three Globes in Berlin in 1744 and a long etc.
This concept evolved since then and in 1723, when Anderson writes the Masonic Constitution, the idea of freedom becomes the cornerstone of the institution and it opens to collect within it to all free men who wish to join the task of human redemption that promotes and spreads, regardless of employment activity or socioeconomic status of applicants, with the only condition of being free thinkers and adhere to the principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.
.- What are the Masonic degrees?
In Freemasonry members are divided into degrees or, to put it another way, different levels of achievement and commitment, obligations and rights. Each grade is usually distinguished by a certain ritual, for a sign of recognition and a specific moral lesson each.
≡ How many degrees are there?
Ancient Masonry knows three degrees: that of apprentice, companion and master mason. However, over time, due to the expansion of the European continent of Freemasonry in the eighteenth century came new degrees and new systems degrees.
Ξ How organized are these degrees?
The Masonic organization that brings together the Master Masons in grades 4 through 33 °, is called Supreme Council of Scottish Rite.
This organization is composed of the Chapter degrees, ranging from 4th to 18th; philosophical ranging from 19th to 30th and administrative or government, made up of grades 31st, 32nd and 33rd.
In grade 4, called Master Secret, reflects on the Sanctus Sanctorum, the values of humanity and increase levels of awareness.
In 18th grade, called Rosicrucian, you can achieve greater spirituality of man and from this center Love and Spirituality, advanced to the 30th grade, called Knight Kadosh where philosophical Freemasonry is completed.
As mentioned, grades 31st, 32nd and 33rd are administrative or government degrees.
. Which are the principles of Freemasonry?
Its principles are Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.
Freedom of the person and of human groups, whether institutions or nations and races in all its aspects, that is, freedom of thought and freedom of movement.
Equal rights and obligations of individuals and groups without distinction of religion, race, sex or nationality.
Brotherhood among all men and all peoples and nations, because all human beings are born free and equal in rights and dignity.
Ξ And there is a more explicit statement of principles?
If the Declaration of Principles adopted at the time by a Masonic Assembly says:
“Masonry is an essentially philosophical, philanthropic and progressive institution. Are your principles: liberty, equality and fraternity “
“The search for truth is proposed, the perfection of the individual and the progress of mankind”
“Consider that morality is both a rational art, as its own evolutionary phenomenon of collective life that obeys natural laws. It recognizes the Grand Architect of the Universe as a symbol of the highest aspirations and concerns of men who yearn to capture the essence, the principle and cause of all things. To clarify the truth to recognize no limit to the human reason. It requires of its followers the widest tolerance and therefore respect the political views and beliefs of all people. “
“It recognizes that all religious and political communions deserve equal respect and rejects any claim of privilege granting situations any of them in particular.”
“Masonry essentially human institution, working tirelessly for the achievement of its aims, seeking a more harmonious structure of life on the basis of love and social justice”
“Come acting, therefore, from the depths of time, as the straight spring that accelerates the evolution taking at every stage of history a specific purpose in accordance with the needs and aspirations of the environment. Spearhead of the future projected yearning, their efforts in the past have contributed to the progress of enjoying the present. Aims for the development and organized effort of society to the growing improvement of social institutions, transforming them in to meet, within a regime of freedom, just desires of improvement. “
“Try by all lawful means at its disposal, enabling it to dignify man, higher development of consciousness, for better and wider use of the rights and freedoms”.
“Condemns intolerance, fanaticism and abhors declares its condemnation of the regimes of force and violence as contrary to reason and denigrating for the species. Fraternity recognizes the primary condition of mankind, it is substantively pacifist and considered war as a heinous crime. “
“Considers that the work is an essential duty of man and as such he dignifies and honors, without establishing distinctions and categories, but judged that rest is a right and we endeavor to old age, disability, childhood and motherhood enjoy of the benefits of collective protection to which they are entitled. “
“The Supreme Council, 33rd and final of the Scottish Rite for Spain is sovereign and independent of any other body, but may conclude treaties and agreements with other regular Masonic bodies in the world and to reserve to themselves the exclusive right to legislate on philosophism throughout their jurisdiction within the traditions, customs and ceremonies transmitted from antiquity. “
.-Does can speak of a Masonic moral?
The moral of Masonry is not directly linked to any philosophical system, nor any religion. The pool is the universal precepts teach men to be better and to love their fellow men.
Masonry seeks solidarity of moral values, intellectual, ethical and aesthetic to achieve harmonious consistency of human behavior.
Ξ These moral principles, are unified in a Code?
Indeed, Freemasonry has its moral code, some of whose maxims note:
– He wants all men as if they were your own brothers.
– Estimate the good, loves the weak, avoid the bad, but do not hate anyone.
– Do not flatter your brother, because it is a betrayal, if your brother fears that flatters corrupt you.
– Always listen to the voice of your conscience.
– Avoid quarrels, insults expected, try to reason always stay on your side.
– I Do not be hasty in be angry, for anger rests in the bosom of fools.
– The heart of the wise is where virtue and the heart of fools where vanity is celebrated practiced.
– If you have a child, rejoice, but shakes the tank that you trust. Make up to ten years you admire, to twenty love you until death respected. Even ten years his teacher to twenty his father and his friend to death. Think about giving good principles rather than beautiful ways, you need enlightened righteousness and not frivolous elegance. Make an honest man, rather than a man working.
– Read and fail, go and imitate, think and always give attention to the welfare of your brothers and be working for yourself.
– Is among the free profane unlicensed great without pride, humble without meanness and the brethren, firm without being tough, severe without being inflexible and submissive without being obsequious.
– Talk moderately large prudently with your peers, sincerely with friends, gently with small and eternally to the poor.
– Right and courageous will defend the oppressed, will protect the innocent, regardless of any of the services you you lend.
Exactly appreciator of men and things, will attend no more than individual merit, regardless of rank, status and fortune.
.-¿La Freemasonry has no dogmas?
Freemasonry has no dogmas, has principles and ideals, cultivate virtues, but always with the maximum amplitude criteria. The dogma as revealed truth or undeniable principle is the opposite of Masonry does not recognize limited only reason access to knowledge.
.-Is there a Masonic culture?
If by culture we understand a body of knowledge harvested through the cultivation and exercise of intellectual faculties, it is obvious that the intellectual work done in the Lodges, over time is making its members are attuned to certain human values, although in part already belonged to the cultural background of each individual to enter the institution, they have been strengthened, polished and expanded by the mutual contribution of the work in Lodge, which is manifested in unmistakable conduct Mason, both private and public and in this sense, one can speak of Masonic culture.
Ξ And that culture is accessible to all?
Masonic culture is available to anyone with concerns well and enable it to join cultural movement in which the perfection of the individual through discussion of philosophical issues or humanists sought, etc., in this sense Masonry is not limited to gifted elves, Masons are men of the street, workers in the most varied activities that characterizes us is our desire to both individual and collective moral, spiritual and intellectual improvement.
.-Is there a way to learn in Masonry?
We learn through the veil of symbols and allegories, with the loggia the microcosm and the macrocosm. Man is the microcosm and the macrocosm involved. No macrocosm no man.
We tend to progress towards unity, from a dual approach, with specific intelligence in the secular world, abstract intelligence and through symbols and allegories in the level of apprentice and companion, through knowledge or love of silence, we begin to learn to initiate us, watching us carefully, know each other, but without conclusions or comparisons, typical of a dual system, but acting out of harmony with everything and everyone, to act with wisdom, we come to the master.
With a dual system of knowledge, which is usually developed at school or in college, moral they occur different, depending on the cultures of peoples.
No real freedom is created, but subordinate, justifying the command authority, not the authority of knowledge with wisdom.
Authentic freedom is achieved when we meet, I say we, I mean we know what we really are and not know what is not love.
.- What is the virtue of the Masons?
Masons understand that virtue is the ability to do good in the broadest sense and fulfillment of our duties to family and society without selfishness or vanity. Masonry teaches the practice of virtue as the highest quality as loyalty and moral behavior towards the ideal, which should lead to slaughter when required for duty.
Considers virtue as an ever perfectible realization, knowing that man is not immune to the temptations and weaknesses, but the ongoing effort of the spirit becomes effective bastion of virtue.
.- What is a lodge?
It is the physical place where Masons gather. It is also called temple or workshop. Usually consists of a rectangular piece decorated with elements alluding to ritual or liturgy that follows.
A Lodge is a stable assembly which, by agreement, establish the Freemasons for Masonic work. The lodge is the soul of Masonry. That’s where the rituals are working, where is progressing in career and where the Masonic fraternity among brothers are forged. A Lodge has to operate a regulation and a number of positions whose occupants are responsible and accountable to make it work on different aspects relating to these charges. So, we will have a president, a vice-presidents, a treasurer, etc.
¿.- What are the typical activities of the lodges?
Each lodge is developing a work plan that is unique to it. The meetings are monthly or biweekly.
First of all fulfill an ancient ritual and teaching is teaching us certain traditions. After express our opinions in a series of exhibitions that lend themselves to debate and addressed them with the only limit partisanship and do not proselytize, topics of general interest: political, religious, philosophical, scientific and finally perform typical activities any organization: projects, improvements to the facility and infrastructure.
.- What is a Mason?
Mason is a Mason or a member of a fraternity that is nothing but a group of men with common ideals, which is a mutual school whose program is summarized in obeying laws, live with honor, do justice, to love like , work tirelessly for the good of humanity and for its progressive and peaceful emancipation.
The Mason is a friend of men and philanthropist par excellence; but his charity must be illuminated by the wisdom and prudence; and although his generous wishes extend to all mankind, should be taken to alleviate the most urgent and immediate needs, and above all must give preference in their aid to the brothers who are really suffering under the weight of undeserved misfortunes; always keeping absolute discretion of their acts of fraternity and cooperation.
.- What do you mean by Freemasons fraternity?
Fraternity, as it is understood by the Freemasons, is the bond of peace and harmony that exist between them. In addition, the fraternity involves the obligation of mutual assistance in case of need, with clear limits of respect for the legitimate laws and ethics.
.- Is it true that a Freemason is obliged to always support and ensure social or occupational rise of other Masons?
Never, if it means breaking the law or act at odds with ethics.
Masonry is not interested in the personal success of its members as the world usually interpreted. Nowadays there are many more effective ways, that masonry, to achieve economic success and personal power. It may be the fact that a Mason, by his own human and professional value, scope socially relevant positions. However, those who wish to enter Freemasonry primarily driven by these goals, they are doomed to disappointment. Freemasonry is not a platform to “scale” socially. Moreover, if the case of someone who, having entered the Lodges act in this regard is given, will point out clearly that was the wrong place and persists in his insistence, he was invited to retire.
.- Who are Masons who now hold public office?
It is tradition and conduct of the Freemasons not reveal the names of their brothers and even less when it comes to Freemasons in positions of importance. What it does Masonry, it is to admit the Masonic condition of those who have publicly acknowledged or already died and that only after years.
Ξ And in the past, who were they?
Arguelles, Count of Toreno, José Canga Argüelles, Francisco Martinez de la Rosa, Juan Alvarez Mendez (Mendizabal), D. Francisco de Paula (infant Spain), Rafael de Riego, Ramon Maria Calatrava, General Evaristo San Miguel, Thomas Isturiz, Romero Alpuente, Mendez Vigo, Duke of San Lorenzo, Cipriano Palafox Portocarrero (Count of Teba), González de la Serna, General Prim, Ruiz Zorrilla, Manuel Becerra, Praxedes Mateo Sagasta, Sanz del Río, Emilio Castelar, Nicolás Salmerón, Francisco Giner de los Rios, Miguel Morayta, Simarro Luis Augusto Barcia, Diego Martí¬nez Quarter Demófilo Good, General Miaja, etc.
.- He was persecuted Masonry?
He was persecuted for a long time, particularly by the entrenched powers after the Roman Catholic Church, he did not understand that Freemasonry was engaged in the search for human freedom as the supreme goal and sought no earthly power or replace the Church .
Ξ following are the papal bulls by which the Church persecuted Masonry:
“In eminenti apostolatus” Clement XII of April 24, 1738. (On this encyclical Felipe V was based on 1740 to legislate against the Freemasons, an example which was imitated in the Royal Decree of July 2, 1751 and other successive measurements of the Spanish authorities until the end of the Franco government condemning the “crime of Freemasonry” with a minimum sentence of twelve years imprisonment);
“Providas Romanorum” Benedict XIV May 14 L751. ”
“Ecclesiam to Jesu-Christo” of Pius VII on 13 September l821 ”
“Quo Graviora” Leon XII of 13 May l825 ”
“Traditi Humilitati Nostrae” of Pius VIII of May 21, l829.
“Mirari Vos” of Gregory XVI on 15 August l832.
“Qui Pluribus” of Pius IX on 9 November l846
“Syllabus” of Pius IX on 9 November l846
“Multiplicer Inter” of Pius IX September 21 L865.
“Apostolicae Sedis” of Pius IX on 12 October l869
“Etsi Penalty” Pio of 21 November l873.
“Humanum Genus” of Leo XIII of April 20, l884, followed by a public statement of the Holy Office “sect Massonum” of May 7, 1884, “Proeclara” of June 20, l894, “Annum Igressi” 18 March l902, excluding official statement issued on March 19, l950, through the columns of the Osservatore Romano, in the sense that the condemnations of Freemasonry remain in its entirety.
It is noteworthy that the bulls through the January 30, 1816 by Pope Pius VII and the September 24, 1824 and February 10, 1825 Leo XII, the Church condemned the liberation movements of America, and indirectly Masonry.
.- Why it has persecuted the Freemasons?
Because Freemasonry encourages free thought, freedom of religion, speech, etc., and many regimes in the world do not coincide with those ideas.
In Spain, talk about Freemasonry is often talk of anti-Masonry. Here, when there was Freemasonry was even anti-Masons, so the image was captured is that given the anti-Masons, who initiated the persecution in 1738, with Fernando VII, who was so obsessively anti-Masonic as Franco and it lasted until after dictator’s death.
.- Is Freemasonry a secret society?
No, but the label is that. And all that sounds secret is questionable. In many cases secretly hiding and hiding quietly confused. Masons are not a secret, but discreet society. You can find its statutes, rules and rituals of initiation, they are in some books that can be purchased at any bookstore.
Freemasonry has been secreted when belonging to the same automatically entail the risk of being killed by the vagaries of this or that dictatorship.
Freemasonry is a discrete society. That is, the work of Masonry is done primarily among its members, so their outward projection is unremarkable. Its foreign labor basically lies in the actions of its members, which are applied to social and personal values learned in the lodges areas.
Freemasonry has the same secrets, they have many other types of institutions such as banks, companies, political parties or the football clubs, which does not make secret societies. Essentially the secret Masonic affects the modes of recognition between Freemasons and their rituals.
.- Why it is not publicly known who is Mason?
There is nothing to be ashamed of. But the decision to make their membership in Freemasonry or public, is a personal matter of every Mason. It is a private decision. There are brothers who have publicly stated their condition, others will at any given time. And others may not do ever.
Our regulations prohibit the Mason disseminate the names of their brothers (and we call each other) and he alone can make public its condition when circumstances of concern to the common good and it imposed.
.- Is the atheist Freemasonry?
No, it is not. Freemasonry traditionally recognizes the existence of a higher regulating principle of the universe that knows the name of Great Architect of the Universe. It is to the glory of the Great Architect of the Universe whose name opens his work Freemasonry.
The figure of the Great Architect of the Universe is the symbol of the highest aspirations and concerns of men who yearn to capture the essence, the principle and cause of all things. To clarify the truth recognizes no limit to the human reason in science.
.-¿La Masonry is anti-religious or anti-clerical?
Masonry is not an enemy of any religion, not oriented for or against any particular religion or belief position. In Freemasonry everyone has freedom of conscience, especially in religious and respects the philosophical or spiritual thought they profess. Masonry fight ignorance, greed and fanaticism that attributes the lack of harmony and tolerance in the world in which we live. It has therefore advocated by its members, the non-interference of religion, whatever it may be, in the affairs of state.
another thing is that some have been anticlerical Freemasons or, more often, determined drivers of secularism in different countries, especially those whose confessional prevented favored religious tolerance and discrimination on religious beliefs. The latter was the usual case in the Latin countries of Europe.
.-¿Un Priest can be a Mason?
The condition “sine qua non” for Mason, is to be free and moral man. It is inherent in the condition of free man, be tolerant and not dogmatic, if the priest meets these conditions of course it can be. In fact, among the members of Freemasonry it has always counted clergy from different religions, such as former Archbishop of Canterbury Dr. Fisher of the Church of England and the Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Church. Prelates who have cultivated these virtues and coincided with the libertarian ideals of Freemasonry Masons and were at one point of the nineteenth century 20% of the components of the Supreme Council belong to the Church as were Juan Nicasio Gallego (canon of the Cathedral Sevilla), Antonio de Larrazabal (Jesuit), Jaime Villanueva (Dominican), Diego Muñoz Torrero (bishop of Guadix) and also internationally so with the priest Hidalgo, defender of Mexican independence, father Calvo founder of Freemasonry in Central America, Dr. Ramón Méndez, archbishop of Venezuela, Santiago Figueredo or Fray Cayetano Rodriguez fighters for independence of Argentina.
.-But, then, it is not true that there is an atheistic French Freemasonry against Freemasonry Anglo respectful with religion?
That alleged division is only a simplification, more or less interested, of reality. There are two European traditions of Freemasonry. The first embodied by the regularity that is decidedly Deist character. That is, requires from its members a belief in a Supreme Being.
However, since the last century, within Freemasonry another trend developed in line with the winds of secularism. They decided in some cases to open the Masonic no “to the glory of GADU” jobs, as was traditional, but “for the progress of humanity” and others simply required to believe in a Supreme Being was abolished, leaving this aspect dictates of conscience of each Freemason particularly, that this position break the principles of Freemasonry and so is known as irregularity. In any case, the fact is that no such thing as “Atea French Freemasonry”.
.-What is the relationship with the Church?
Freemasonry remains forbidden for an outdated Church, full of ignorance and prejudice. But the worst is that there are other churches that are approaching the Catholic, and some Anglican sector, despite its great tradition of bishops and clergy Masons, or Methodist. There has been a great campaign, based precisely on the secret, trying to discredit Freemasonry. It has come to be Masons prohibit magistrates, judges or police …
However, we have good relationship with the progressive sectors of the Church, even though historically the Church excommunicated the Masons chased by papal bulls, today we would not have any problem in initiating these relationships at the institutional level, in the as there is a formal commitment to fight for the freedom of man through the exercise of human rights, ensuring pluralism and not putting another limit to the knowledge of the truth that reason itself.
– Is Freemasonry a religion?
No, Freemasonry is in no sense a religion nor a substitute for it. Freemasonry does not try to change the religion of anyone who knocks on doors of their lodges. In Masonry any religion is not instilled and devotion required of anyone. The only requirement is to believe in a god, whatever. That is why no Christian Masons, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists or Brahman.
Members should really be free and morality, free thinking men and arranged for learning, tolerance and respect all opinions sincerely professed, that is, free of fanaticism, selfishness and superstitions, so there are no distinctions of race , religious beliefs, political leanings.
Freemasonry has no system of dogmas that should be believed, and their rituals are sacraments which give a power or virtue that passes through them, and offers a path to salvation.
.- Masonry is a cult?
You should first define what is a cult, given the current abuse that is being done in this term. If the term “cult” is used in the original sense and neutral dissident subgroup within a religion, Freemasonry is certainly not a cult, since it is not part of any religion, neither it is a religion, as stated above .
If the term “sect” is used pejoratively religious group with a strong charismatic leadership, which subjects and regulates all aspects of life of its members qualify Masonry as “cult” is an exercise in willful cynicism or of culpable ignorance. Freemasonry is not a religious group or a religion. Nor has a democratic leadership charismatic but and, of course, nor does or regulate aspects of the lives of their members rather than by generic ethical principles such as tolerance, honesty …, principles, so others are shared by democratic societies.
Masonry qualify as a cult, such as some religious organizations ultramontane, it is nothing more than an act of propaganda intoxication gives us the moral height of the dancer.
A sectarian attitude is exactly the opposite of what is intended in Masonry.
A cult is a group where coercive limits, based on a religious or philosophical pretexts individual freedom, freedom of opinion, assembly, expression and action at individual and social level.
Freemasonry promotes the absolute freedom of the individual and the absolute freedom of conscience. Therefore it would be in the opposite orbit the interests of any sect.
Further proof that Freemasonry is not a cult is that does not proselytize, does not seek converts.
.- Do you have anything to do with the occult Freemasonry or Satanism?
Not at all. Masonry has nothing to do with Satanism, even though some seem by now determined to believe in the farce organized (and subsequently confessed) last century by Leo Taxil.
Regarding the occult, Freemasonry has nothing to do with it. Moreover, as already mentioned, Freemasonry is no religion and the occult or esoteric are almost always religious forms.
.- So Freemasonry is an initiatory society?
If initiatory society means a society in which to enter is necessary to go through a certain ritual, there are a few steps further progress its members passing away and having a certain school, then it is an initiatory society.
If initiatory society means a society that preserves or has a “hidden wisdom” because decidedly not. Freemasonry does not preserve any “hidden wisdom” or any special power.
.- Why he is said to be philosophical?
Because directs man towards the rational investigation of the laws of nature, it invites the effort of thought that goes from the symbolic geometric representation to the metaphysical abstraction, searches philosophical reflection penetration spiritual direction of movement of the story, contemplated each historical period and assimilates new doctrinal each philosophical system which can mean a contribution to the assets of abstract truth, beyond time and space inspirations.
.- Why is philanthropy?
Because practice altruism, want the welfare of all human beings and is not inspired by the pursuit of personal profit of any kind. Its efforts and resources are devoted to the progress and happiness of the human species, irrespective of nationality, race, sex or religion, for which tends to lift the spirits and tranquility of conscience.
.- And progressive?
It is progressive because it taught and practiced human solidarity and the absolute freedom of thought. Freemasonry aims at seeking the truth discarding fanaticism, addressing without prejudice all new contributions of human invention, it is studying the universal moral and cultivate the sciences and the arts without putting any obstacles in the search for truth.
.- Why dressed in aprons and bands?
Because it is an ancient brotherhood and preserves its traditions dating back to the times of the Middle Ages, plus each color or shape has special meaning in ceremonies or meetings.
.- Is there anything that prohibit eating, drinking, celebrate or do?
Nothing. The only thing that is recommended is to be done in moderation, without excesses.
.- How does Freemasonry in Politics?
We are facing another topic. Freemasonry has no political goals or political action.
This does not mean that its members can not have a political position and, indeed, among the Freemasons have been many politicians, whose ideologies have represented a broad spectrum, ranging from conservative to leftist positions positions, so it is not possible to think a guiding hand that was behind them.
Our aims are not political but sometimes lodges have had to manifest itself in some political matter. However, although the meetings is forbidden to make any kind of proselytizing (advertising, promotion) of a political, Mason should not be outside of the major political problems of the people and the world and especially issues that affect us as an organization or society. For example, issues related to freedom of expression, assembly, etc.
You see, Freemasonry is not a political association or may confuse activity with any political party. Mason keeps out of the lodge, as an individual, every citizen freedom and power can devote their enthusiasm at the service of its ideals.
Masons, as such, do not we burst into public life as an institution but when our joint action is needed to temper the spirits and set the path of progress within the fraternity and human coexistence, promoting peace, solidarity and equality among all human beings, promoting democracy, respect for the law, legitimate authority, and proclaiming the principles that should govern human and social behavior.
.- Is there a Masonic world government?
Although Freemasonry is set in over 150 countries, all over the world and has over ten million members, respected everywhere by governments and organizations because of its high moral and ethical, does not have a “Masonic world government.” Many Masonic Orders establish international relationships between different allegiances by way of diplomatic relations between powers or nations to regulate meetings and conferences, exchange news and coordinate activities of common interest to all members.
.- Whose depend Masons?
Institutionally every member must belong to a lodge which is usually composed of 30 or 50 members and is completely independent in its sphere of competence, limited only by the powers Lodges voluntarily ceded to the Grand Lodge by the Statutes, Constitution and General regulations for the purpose of a more effective national organization.
When the oath is taken into Freemasonry explicitly that there is no nothing against religion, not against the policy, nor against the country or against the state.
.- How fits the talk about Masonry with P2?
Propaganda Due Masonic Lodge was a regularly constituted within the sphere of the Grand Lodge of Italy. At one point in the 60s, the authorities of the Grand Lodge warned some deviant behaviors of the Masonic path, warning the Lodge to return to their regular Masonic cause.
To disobedience of the lodge, it was separated from the Masonic structure, discovered after a few years the wisdom of this decision, since the activities of the group headed by Licio Gelli had nothing to do with the Masonic activities the object was suspicious transactions financial, to the point that knotted close ties with Vatican officials who were involved.
The explanation given by the Grand Orient of Italy is what I quote: “In the Great East d’Italia has always been, since the days of Garibaldi, a lodge composed of important people who preferred not to give an account of their membership of the institution, especially to avoid the problem of “candidates”. For this reason the lodge has been called “Logia cover”. From 1960 this Lodge ( “Propaganda 2”, better known as “P2”), directed by a Tuscan Mason, Licio Gelli, suffered degeneration essentially monetary, businesses in which participated a minority of its members were . Born a scandal because of the notoriety of some of the characters involved, he grew a lot as a journalistic campaign was unleashed extraordinary virulence. Accusations of embezzlement was passed to the “coup”. The Supreme Court in Rome on April 16, 1994, declared unfounded charges of political conspiracy and acquitted Gelli. The case was deflated but left such scars on the Great East d’Italia, after this bitter experience, it has created a sort that prohibits “covered” Lodges.
.- They Charities Masons?
Individually, each Mason gives money or labor to nonprofit institutions whose purpose is the common good, such as schools, libraries, NGOs, hospitals, nursing homes, etc. Institutionally, both the Grand Lodge of Spain and the Supreme Council of the 33rd degree also do it with institutions with which we have agreements. In England, France, USA or South America there are hospitals, nursing 3rd age residences for orphans, schools, Blibliotecas, universities, summer camps, etc. belonging to Freemasonry.
.- Why only men can be Masons?
Not necessarily, although that is the official tradition. Although the vast majority of lodges are made by men, there are some eminently feminine lodges for many years in the international arena.
Ξ So there are women in Freemasonry?
The answer is yes. Which is not to say that there is a consensus on that topic. At present, many institutions still do not admit the presence of women.
Masonry is spread around the world and in every place adopts the customs and environmental trends that are consistent with its principles. So, it is widespread throughout the male Freemasonry, which does not prevent that in some countries women Freemasonry is practiced and / or mixed. The reason for the majority existence of male Freemasonry is in the historical fact of respect for one of the founding documents of speculative Freemasonry, the “Constitutions of Anderson,” in which he explicitly says that you should not admit women in it .
Then there is that the rites would be incompatible, a male rite initiatically is not appropriate for women, so there must be a proper rite of passage for them.
.- What differentiates a Grand Lodge of the Grand Orient?
A Grand Lodge or Grand Orient is nothing but a federation of Lodges, at their head, have the same charges as a Lodge and, like it, is governed / a by regulations, generally known as “Constitutions” The differences between the two formulas are nearly administrative.
.- What is the “Regular Freemasonry”?
The so-called “Regular Freemasonry” is the mainstream of Freemasonry, which is modeled after Anglo Freemasonry, which is why many times it was known as “Anglo-Saxon Freemasonry”
(A) requires of its members a belief in a Supreme Being. Without requiring their members or future members religious beliefs certain, because it believes that consciousness Mason is free and is not competent to interfere in it.
(B) are not allowed to women.
(C) Of the topics covered in Lodge, exhaustively they exclude those that have to do with politics or religion.
(D) has a vocation for intervention for social improvement.
.- What relationship keep each other regular and irregular Freemasonry?
No relations of any kind are kept, as the Supreme Grand Lodges or “regular” Tips believe that the “irregular” Masons have breached the principles of Freemasonry.
totally different thing is the relationship remains on a personal level. Fraternity, in the end, can sometimes more than the attitudes of the Masonic organizations.
.- What is the situation in the Spanish State in this respect?
Faced with this theory of conspiracy Masonic power and exploiting journalists, the situation is very different. First, you can not talk about Freemasonry in singular. Currently, in Spain there are several different masonries with a common denominator -the ideology, there is a regular Freemasonry recognized by more than 1000 large lodges among which are England, USA, Germany, France, Italy, throughout South America and Australia ; one that is more in relation to France and Belgium; exclusively male, one female only and mixed; a more ritualistic masonries and others that are projected outward in the socio-political.
There is the Grand Lodge of Spain, founded in 1992 that integrated within it the Grand Orient Spanish Kingdom and the Spanish Grand Orient and Supreme Council of the 33rd degree, founded in 1811, the two institutions belong to the regularity and today are Organizations more numerous they are working in the Spanish State, with about 2000 members.
There is also a Women’s Grand Lodge does not admit men start with lodges in Madrid, Barcelona and other cities in Spain.
There is also the Spanish Symbolic Grand Lodge, mixed obedience.
There is also the International Mixed Masonic Order “Human Right” (DH), which is the oldest mixed Masonic organization.
And we also find some individual lodges affiliated to the Grand Orient of France and the Grand Lodge of France.
It is difficult to establish the number of members who have the “irregular” Masonry, although I do not exceeding 500. In any case it is much lower than that of regular Freemasonry.
.- Why Freemasonry remains poorly understood and so few?
There are lodges, which are striving to ‘come out’ themselves known, show that they have horns and a tail. It was relatively easy to start from scratch, once dead Franco. But instead of a single, strong, with clear ideas Freemasonry, factions that sometimes interfere even within the same obedience arose. And that’s not easy work.
But the fact is that we are so few in Spain until the end of the Republic, the Spanish Freemasonry had more than 15,000 members worldwide and regular Freemasonry to the Grand Lodge of Spain belongs and the Supreme Council grade 33 has more than 4,000,000 members.
¿.- What are the values taught by Freemasonry?
Masonry teaches and promotes:
(1) The fraternal love which claims tolerant and respect the opinions of others, no matter how misguided they may seem.
(2) The truth as the basis of relations between the Freemasons and in human relations.
(3) Solidarity among the Freemasons carrying assistant to the brothers who are in distress.
All these values that teaches and promotes Freemasonry underpin and give sustenance to the relationship between the Freemasons, but also teach them the value of living their relationship with the rest of humanity considering it in the light of the principle of the Brotherhood of all men and women.
.- What needs to enter Freemasonry?
First of all a sincere desire to help others, to learn from others and grow as a person, anyone with a desire to be formed and to be useful to your company in a search line of greater brotherhood, tolerance, pacifism, rights man … But this entails an internal component, ritual, symbolic.
Most of the masonries are prohibited from proselytizing. There are other access systems. We are not political parties or conventional associations: it has to go through a rite of passage. There is an inscription, a fee and your card; It is a process of refinement, a kind of school.
That’s one of the reasons for the slow growth because they do not seek to candidates. Each of our members has been their free own free will, after being investigated and may be submitted by one of our members (although not essential) or being invited by someone else; then he makes his request to be incorporated if it meets the conditions established are: to be a person who has come of age under the laws of the country, tolerant, non-dogmatic, stubborn, rationalist, a recognized ethical behavior and with a keen interest to progress intellectual and / or spiritually in an atmosphere of mutual respect.
It takes a lot .- belong to Freemasonry?
No. We could say that is available to anyone. The monthly fee is equivalent to that of an average gym.
(* Texto: R.H. Galo Sánchez Casado extraído de http://gle.org/francmasoneria)